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Europe is emerging from the energy crisis "nuclear"Also call: let’s count the clean energy letter

The European countries, which cover 90 percent of their natural gas needs and 97 percent of their oil needs with imports, want to get rid of their dependency on energy from abroad. Ten EU member states issued a joint letter calling for nuclear energy to be included in the green investment classification. The share of nuclear energy in the total electricity production of the EU countries is around 25 percent.

The European Union (EU) is preparing to classify nuclear energy as ‘green energy’ and pave the way for investment in this area in order to reduce foreign energy dependency, avoid volatility in the price of fossil fuels and aim to be climate-friendly is to make Europe a climate-friendly continent by 2050 The EU is evaluating the measures that can be taken in view of the rapidly increasing energy prices of recent times.
Although renewable energy sources play an important role in the green and climate friendly economic transformation, the fact that electricity generation from wind, sun and dams does not go on continuously and fluctuate periodically highlights the need for more stable and complementary elements.
The reasons such as the decline in the production of hydropower plants due to the drought in European countries in recent months and the climate-related decline in electricity generation from wind energy have increased the trend towards fossil fuels.
In this regard, natural gas, coal and oil, prices of which were at reasonable levels during the novel coronavirus epidemic (Covid-19), rose rapidly after the surge in demand as the economic recovery accelerated.
The European countries, which import 90 percent of their natural gas and 97 percent of their oil needs, were unprepared for these price increases.
The decline in EU natural gas reserves due to the colder seasons last winter also made the situation more difficult: The amount of gas delivered to Europe from the pipelines did not meet expectations and the technical and capacity limits for the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in conjunction with high prices prevented this Meeting needs in this area.
WHOLESALE ELECTRICITY PRICES INCREASE MORE THAN 150 PERCENT IN 9 MONTHS The European public has been concerned that natural gas prices have soared to record levels this month and, as a result, wholesale electricity prices have increased by more than 150% in 9 months of the year.
While the EU’s climate policy has also been blamed for the increase in energy costs, the EU stated that the situation was caused by the prices of imported fossil fuels.
In view of rising energy prices, Europe, which wants to get rid of its energy dependency on foreign countries, sees the need to accelerate investments in renewable energies in the long term.
The EU member states determine the energy sources they will use to generate electricity. Currently, EU Member States that have nuclear power plants argue that these power plants are low carbon, effective, safe and competitive in the fight against climate change, and that nuclear energy reduces reliance on foreign countries.
Countries that consider nuclear power plants to be very important in addition to renewable resources in order to adequately cover Europe’s energy needs are calling for nuclear energy to be included in the classification of green investments in the EU.
Hungary, Poland, Finland, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, especially France, take the view that with increased cooperation between Member States, modern reactors can be built in the near future this week and signed a letter from the EU, in which he embodied his demands.
The final list of green investments is expected to be announced by the EU Commission in a few months. Given that there are many EU countries with nuclear power plants, this resource is likely to be viewed as a green investment.
Last week, 25 opinion leaders in Germany published a joint letter in which they called for the continued operation of nuclear reactors in the country, in which they expressed that phasing out nuclear energy would increase CO2 emissions. Germany plans to stop producing electricity from nuclear power plants by the end of 2022.
According to the European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG) there are a total of 106 operational nuclear reactors in the EU countries.
13 of the 27 EU member states use nuclear power plants for electricity generation France covers 70 percent of its electricity production from 56 nuclear reactors in the country, 6 nuclear power plants are in operation in Germany. These power plants produce around 12 percent of the country’s electricity. Germany plans to phase out the use of nuclear power plants.
In Spain there are 7 reactors in 5 nuclear power plants. Almost 22 percent of the country’s electricity is produced in these facilities; there is a nuclear reactor in the Netherlands, and 3 percent of the electricity comes from this source.
A total of 7 reactors are in operation in the 2 Belgian nuclear power plants. The electricity generated by nuclear reactors covers about half of the country’s needs.
6 reactors in 3 nuclear power plants in Sweden provide 40 percent of the electricity and 6 nuclear reactors in 2 plants in the Czech Republic provide about 1/3 of the electricity.
Finland’s 4 reactors in 2 power plants cover 30 percent of the country’s electricity, 4 reactors in Slovakia cover almost half of the electricity needs, 2 reactors in Bulgaria cover 1/3 of the country’s electricity.
There are currently 4 nuclear reactors in Hungary producing about half of the country’s electricity. Hungary is preparing to install 2 new nuclear power plants.
Two nuclear reactors in Romania produce 20 percent of the country’s electricity, and one reactor in Slovenia produces 35 percent of the electricity.
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