The world’s oldest star map, excavated in Nebra in 1999, is on display in the British Museum in England. The 3,600-year-old artifact, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, contains important information about the astronomical knowledge and beliefs of the first humans. However, the researchers want to reveal the unknowns of Stonehenge, whose purpose of construction remains a mystery.
The Nebra Sky Wheel, believed to be the oldest star map in the world, is on display in the British Museum in London, the capital of England. The museum houses ancient artifacts and ethnographic collections from around the world.
The researchers said the Nebra Sky Wheel was from the Bronze Age and was about 3,600 years old.
The artefact, discovered in Germany in 1999, is considered to be one of the most important archaeological finds of the 20th century. However, its discovery caused controversy, with few scientists denying its originality.
However, the bronze wheel is about 30 centimeters long. It has a blue-green patina decorated with gold symbols representing the sun, moon, stars, solstices, and other cosmic events.
The ancient artifact offers a unique glimpse into mankind’s early knowledge of space, according to UNESCO, which included the artifact on its list of World Significant Historical Documents.
On the other hand, the Nebra Sky Wheel, which belongs to the State Museum for Prehistory in Halle, was loaned abroad for the first time in 15 years. The British Museum has announced that the wheel will be part of the Stonehenge exhibition, which opens in February.
Neil Wilkin, curator of The World Of Stonehenge, said, “It’s going to be eye-catching and mind-expanding. The Nebra Sky Wheel and the Sun Chain are two of the most notable artifacts that have survived from the Bronze Age in Europe, which is literally more than three thousand years old. “These artifacts, hundreds of kilometers from Stonehenge, are being used to shed light on the connected world that exists around the ancient monument and spans the UK, Ireland and mainland Europe.”
On the other hand, the purpose Stonehenge was built for is still a mystery to scientists. Around 2500 BC However, the stone circle built in BC is aligned with the movements of the sun. The sun and solstices are also represented by signs on the Nebra Sky Wheel, and experts believe the sun was at the center of Northern European Bronze Age religion.
Archaeologist and Bronze Age expert Prof. DR. Miranda Aldhouse-Green said that the symbols on the Nebra Wheel “are part of a complex belief system across Europe in which people look up to the sky and worship the sun and moon.” “Because Nebra Bringing all these symbols together, we have the opportunity, perhaps for the first time, to see what people actually see, perceive and believe. “
The Nebra Sky Wheel was discovered in 1999 near the city of Nebra in Germany along with swords, axes and other items from the Bronze Age. He was found by two illegal treasure hunters with a metal detector and later rescued by the police.
On the other hand, while researchers have widely accepted that the artifacts were from the Bronze Age, some scientific papers claimed that the finds were fake. The debate was rekindled last September when two archaeologists released a new paper suggesting that the wheel could be about a thousand years younger and from the Iron Age.
The German Museum of Prehistory, however, claimed that the claims that the artifacts were forgeries were unfounded. The World Of Stonehenge exhibition will take place from February 17th to July 17th next year.